i have a migraine, my mother just called me so she could yell at me, and my period started unexpectedly

brb going to go sleep for a week

6 notes





Ancient Persian Freezers —- The Yakhchals

Today in the modern world we take freezers, and the frozen results of freezers for granted.  But in ancient times, cold drinks, frozen desserts, and chilled tropical cocktails were a luxury unknown to most people.  However the idea of artificially freezing goods is nothing new.  As far back as 400 BC, the ancient Persians built special freezers called yakhchals.  Yakhchals were large buildings used for storage of ice and foodstuffs during the hot Persian summers.  Typically they were around 60 feet tall, and had a large subterranean storage space dug out from under it.  The Yakhchal itself was made from a special type of mud clay called sarooj which was composed of clay, sand, lime, goat hair, egg whites, and ash mixed in a special proportion which made it extremely resistant to heat transfer.  In other words the inside stayed cool, while heat from the outside was prevented from entering the building because of the thick insulated walls.  This combined with the subterranean storage ensured that whatever goods were stored in the pit stayed cool, as temperatures below ground level are usually around the 60 to 65 degree Fahrenheit range.  However, these designs were not what made a yakhchal a freezer.  There was one other brilliant design feature which ensured that the yakhchal would stay frosty all year long.

At the top of the dome was a small hole, or series of small holes called windcatchers.  Typically windcatchers were pointed in the direction of the prevailing winds.  Due to its conical shape there was always a negative pressure gradient inside the yakhchal.  According to Bernoulli’s Law air flow at a high pressure will always move toward areas of low pressure.  Thus air from the outside was constantly flowing through the yakhchal.  In addition, according to Venturi’s Principal, whenever air flows through a small hole, the smaller the hole, the greater the speed of the flow.  The small hole, or series of holes of the yakhchal ensured that air passed into it at great flows.  What resulted was a great amount of outside air entering into the yakhchal at high speeds.  While the air itself wasn’t cool, the flows at which it was being entrained into the yakhchal created temperatures that were below freezing. Typically the windcatchers were cut in such a way that the incoming jet of air would be directed onto the storage pit.

The ancient Persians primarily used their yakhchals for storing ice and foodstuffs.  During the summer, Persian nobles often enjoyed a frozen treat called faloodeh (pictured above), which is made from thin noodles with syrup made from sugar and rose water, then flavored with lemon, lime, fruits, almond, pistachio, and other flavorings.  Due to the Persian’s freezing technology, faloodeh (which is still popular today) goes down in history as one of the first frozen desserts.  The practice of building and using yakhchals continued up to the 20th century, when they were eventually replaced with modern freezers and refrigerators.

Ancient technology can be really cool…


But brown folks were backwards and technologically incompetent.


(via officialdubai)

7,077 notes

495,260 Plays



Have you ever thought to yourself “fuck i love that magic song about wanting to marry a girl but her father disapproves, but it’d be so much better covered by a girl without changing the pronouns” because IF SO I have the cover for you.

omg this is 1 million x better the original is way too much 2 dudes arguing over possession of a lady its so much patriarchial bullshit a woman singing it brings a whole new level of realness of the pain of inlaws witholding their approval / blessing

(via queenhijab)

63,913 notes



Fuck Yeah Queer Latin@s in Books!

  1. Trauma Queen by Lovemme Corazón
  2. Chulito by Charles Rice-Gonzalez
  3. Down to the Bone by Maya Lazara Dole
  4. City of Night by John Rechy
  5. The Rain God by Arturo Islas
  6. The Dirty Girls Social Club by Alisa Valdes-Rodriguez
  7. The Cha Cha Files: A Chapina Poetica by Maya Chinchilla
  8. Their Dogs Came with Them by Helena Maria Viramontes
  9. Make Love to Rage by Morgan Robyn Colladooc

I need all of these.

(via queercollective)

3,798 notes

(Source: bishopdane, via oregongeorgiagrown)

926 notes


Imagine this smooshing around in your mouth. I’m imagining it right now. Warm and gritty.

wtf is this


Imagine this smooshing around in your mouth. I’m imagining it right now. Warm and gritty.

wtf is this

85 notes


"F*ck the waves of feminism: we embody over 500 years of resistance before us. We are an ocean" - NYSHN 
Rest in power, to our lost relations.
image: burymyart


"F*ck the waves of feminism: we embody over 500 years of resistance before us. We are an ocean" - NYSHN

Rest in power, to our lost relations.

image: burymyart

(via the-yaadihla-girls)

2,466 notes

(Source: arielnamo, via carleecochina)

1,873 notes


Not to mention, I find it quite unsettling that queer theorists preach that you should be able to define your identity (and the boundaries within that definition,) but as soon as lesbians start speaking, that ideology goes away. We must accept the term “queer,” we must accept dick, we must be trans men or genderfluid, we must share our language, we must share our spaces, we must stop recognizing our biological female existence.

(via unicornisms)

129 notes


Whanau (Path of Life) pendant, Kerry Kapua Thompson (Ngāti Paoa)


Whanau (Path of Life) pendant, Kerry Kapua Thompson (Ngāti Paoa)

104 notes


Vile photos show the crisis at the U.S.-Mexico border no one is talking about

With a spate of huge stories breaking in the past few weeks, you might not have caught the massive environmental crisis in northern Mexico that began earlier in August.

According to the Associated Press, local politicians claim that Grupo Mexico, a private mining company in Sonora with a troubling track record of hazardous waste violations in Mexico and the U.S., was slow to report a disastrous fault in its leaching ponds, which hold industrial acid used in the mining process. The spill released around 10 million gallons of acid into the Bacanuchi and Sonora Rivers.

20,000 people were without water | Follow micdotcom 

(via queercollective)

26,580 notes




Mass UFO Sightings Over Houston

Reports of UFO sightings all over Houston, Texas took the social media by storm a few nights ago with pictures if a circular UFO popping up all over Twitter.

People from all over the city of Houston were posting pictures of a circular UFO that seemed to be following a thunderstorm going through the area.

One witness captured a short video of the UFO.

Watch the video here!


I’ve been quietly freaking out over this the past couple days. This is where I live and I’m never going outside at night again. That sucker is massive! 😨👾

(via hellborndaughter)

52,596 notes


Radfems reblogging Ferguson things, remember that while Amnesty International’s work there is admirable, this is also the organization that believes men have a right to buy sex and support legalizing the exploitation of women through legitimizing the sex industry.

(via pixienightmaregoddess)

190 notes



people are completely misconstruing my gender abolitionist stance so i’m going to explain it very simply to try and clear a few things up.

what i don’t mean by “gender is socially constructed and should be abolished”:

  • gender isn’t real.
  • people cant see their gender as…

884 notes


Iggy Azalea and Wonder bread

(via queercollective)

177 notes